What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a lipid complex which is necessary to our body and its main function is to serve as the main raw material for the synthesis of cell membranes, bile salts (acids) and sex hormones. In our body the liver is the organ that produces enough cholesterol to carry out bodily functions. As much as our body needs cholesterol, it is just as dangerous when its value in the body rises above normal limits. Elevated cholesterol is one of the main causes of early development of atherosclerosis.
Due to improper nutrition, smoking, low physical activity the development of atherosclerosis may begin in the early years, in most cases it passes by unnoticed, and with years it progresses especially as a result of an unhealthy lifestyle.
It is important to emphasize that lifestyle changes, switching to a healthier way of living, may be an excellent prevention to cholesterol and consequences of its increase in value. The increased level of cholesterol damages arteries both in elderly and younger population. Therefore, the risks of suffering from heart diseases, stroke, Atherosclerosis become larger.

When cholesterol is monitored, it is important to monitor * HDL, LDL * and triglycerides*, and on basis of these parameters to assess whether the results are within the limits of desirable values or the risky ones. In case of poor test findings, it is necessary to act immediately to prevent serious
consequences on our health (heart diseases, stroke, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease).
* HDL – good cholesterol (high density lipoprotein) has a protective function by which cholesterol from the blood vessels is removed and transmitted in to the liver that is incorporating this cholesterol in the bile.
* LDL – bad cholesterol (low density lipoprotein) determines how fast the cholesterol particles are going to be deposited on the walls of blood vessels.
* Triglyceride is the name of the compound that is composed of three fatty acids. Fat in food is usually in the form of triglycerides, whose increased level also affects the risk increases of heart diseases.